Travel tips and articles

11 Photos Proving That This World Still Hides Plenty of Secrets

In childhood, everyone dreamed of finding treasure. Some people carried this dream further and became archaeologists.

We offer you the chance to look at a selection of fascinating photos from the National Geographic archives and discover the secrets of the past.

1. Archaeologists study the stone head of the Olmecs, 1947

The Olmecs were a society that lived from around 1,500 BC to 400 BC in Central America. It was this civilization that made huge stone heads weighing from 6 to 50 tons. Scientists still cannot explain how the Olmecs managed to build things like this.

2. Ruins of ancient settlements in Scotland

This settlement existed from about the 15th century BC to the 17th century AD. The remains of houses, various artifacts, and works of art have survived to this day.

3. A diver descends into a sinkhole in Mexico

Cenotes are natural sinkholes that occur when limestone cave ceilings collapse, exposing flows of groundwater underneath. In the past, they were used by the ancient Maya as water sources and places of sacrifice. The study of cenotes has allowed archaeologists to discover much about the Mayan civilization.

4. A man from the former kingdom of Mustang in North Nepal bears human remains found in a funerary crypt

The remains of 27 men, women, and children can be found in an artificial mountain cave in Nepal. There are traces of cuts on many of their bones, indicating an unexplained funeral rite. The skeletons lay in the unusual crypt for about 1,500 years.

5. An aerial view of Leptis Magna in West Libya

It’s one of the largest and most well-preserved Roman cities that was built during the reign of Augustus and Tiberius. Until now, some impressive ruins have survived, and archaeologists still make new finds there from time to time.

6. The castle of Palenque

The main feature of the ancient city of Palenque in the north-east of the Mexican state of Chiapas is a palace with a 4-storey tower, the likes of which has never been found in any other Mayan city. Experts believe the Maya used the tower to watch the sun rays falling directly on temple inscriptions on the day of the winter solstice.

7. A walking cane found in the tomb of King Tut

This cane is decorated with carvings in the form of a Nubian captive. According to one version, the Pharaoh would have put the cane on the ground with the decoration facing down, which was a symbol of the Nubians’ humiliation.

8. Luis Leakey and his family looking for an early hominid in the Olduvai Gorge

Paleoanthropologist Luis Leakey was a strong advocate of evolution, and found lots of proof that confirms it. It was in the Olduvai Gorge where, after 30 years of excavation, he finally discovered the skull of one of the predecessors of modern man.

9. Thousands of terracotta soldiers and full-sized horses stand guard over the tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huang

According to the Emperor’s wish, the statues were supposed to accompany him into the afterlife. Some specialists consider the terracotta army a very progressive step, since up to that point the custom existed to bury living warriors in such cases.

10. The Megaliths of Stenness

As with Stonehenge, there are many legends associated with these Scottish stones. The most popular assumption is that this place was used for sacrifices. But this interpretation still leaves a lot of questions.

11. The ice mummy Ötzi, discovered in 1991 in the Ötztal Alps in the Tyrol

According to studies, Ötzi was born in approximately 3,300 BC, which makes him the oldest mummy in Europe. After a comparative DNA analysis, it turned out that among the 4,000 men living in the Tyrol, 19 of them are related to the Iceman.

Preview photo credit national geographic

Source: 11 Archaeological Photos Proving That This World Still Hides Plenty of Secrets